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(Sent by Captain Dost Sawant)

Chronology of Events in the Life of Muhammad (PBUH)


Contributed by: Dr. Rasheed S. Aazzam
 

Brief Description of the Event

Approximate Date
Age of the Holy Prophet according
to Lunar Calendar

Approximate Gregorian and Hijra dates BH=Before Hijra AH=After Hijra


The Holy Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, peace be upon him, born an orphan His father Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, had died a few months before the birth of his son.

0 years

9 or 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal 52 or 53 BH April 570 or 571 AD



Hadrat Halima Sadiyya, may Allah be pleased with her, appointed wet nurse.

8 days

 



Return to Mecca under the care of his mother

6 Years

46 BH 577 AD



Mother, Hadrat Amina, may Allah be pleased with her, passes away

6 Years

46 BH 577 AD



Grandfather, Hadrat Abdul-Muttalib, may Allah be pleased with him, died

8 Years

44 BH 579 AD



First visit to Syria with a trading caravan 12 years 40 BH, 583 AD

12 Years

40 BH 583 AD



Pledge of Fudul to help the needy and the oppressed

15 Years

37 BH 586 AD



Second journey to Syria for trade as an agent of Hadrat Khadija, may Allah be pleased with her

25 Years

28 BH 595 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Khadija, may Allah be pleased with her

25 Years

28 BH 595 AD



Birth of a son, Hadrat Qasim (may Allah be pleased with him)

28 Years

25 BH 598 AD



Birth of his daughter, Hadrat Zainab, may Allah be pleased with her

30 Years

23 BH 600 AD



Birth of his daughter, Hadrat Ruqayya, may Allah be pleased with her

33 Years

20 BH 603 AD



Birth of his daughter, Hadrat Um-e-Kalthum, may Allah be pleased with her

34 years

19 BH 604 AD



Renovation of Ka'aba and the placement of Hajr-e-Aswad (Black Stone)

35 years

18 BH 605 AD



Birth of his daughter, Hadrat Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her

35 years

18 BH605 AD



Hadrat Jibrail bought the First Revelation in the Cave of Hira

40 Year

12 BH 610 AD



Revelation of the Holy Quran continues, Ministry of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is established. Hadrat Khadija (the wife), Hadrat Abu Bakr (the best friend), Hadrat Ali (the dearest cousin) and
Hadrat Zaid (a freed slave and adopted son), may Allah be pleased with
them all, accept Islam

40 Years 6 months

Friday18 Ramadan 12 BH 14 August 610 AD



Open invitation to the people of Mecca to join Islam under Allah's command

43 Years

9 BH 614 AD



A group of Muslims emigrates to Abyssinia

46 Years

7 BH 615 AD



Blockade of Shi'b Abi-Talib

46 Years

7 BH 30 September 615 AD



Hadrat Hamza (paternal uncle) and Hadrat Umar, may Allah be pleased
with them, accept Islam

46 Years

6 BH 616 AD



Hadrat Abu Talib, (beloved uncle and guardian) and only a few days later, Hadrat Khadija, the most beloved wife, may Allah be pleased with them, passed away

49 Years

Ramadan 3 BH January 619 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Sau'da, may Allah be pleased with her

49 Years

3 BH 619 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her

49 Years

3 BH 619 AD



Journey to Ta'if, about 40 miles from Mecca, for calling the citizens of Ta'if
to Islam

49 Years

3 BH 619 AD



Journey of Mi'raj. Five daily prayers made obligatory for Muslims

50 Years

27 Rajab 2 BH 8 March 620 AD



Deputation from Medina accepts Islam

50 Years

2 BH 620 AD



First Pledge of 'Aq'ba'

52 Years

Dhul Haj, 1 BH 621 AD



Second Pledge of 'Aq'ba

52 Years

3 months BH June 622 AD



Hijra (migration) from Mecca to the cave of Thaur

52 Years

Friday 27 Safar 10 September 622



Emigration to Medina begins

52 Years

Monday 1 Rabi-ul-Awwal 13 September 622 AD



Arrival at Medina after the first Friday Prayer at Quba's Mosque

53 Years

12 Rabi-ul-Awwal 1st year AH 24 September 622 AD



Construction of the Holy Prophet's Mosque at Medina. Hadrat Bilal's call
for Prayer (Adhan)

53 Years

1st year AH 622 AD



Brotherhood pacts between Ansar (Muslims from Medina) and Muhajirin (immigrants from Mecca)

53 Years

1st year AH 622 AD



Treaty with Jews of Medina

53 Years

1st year AH



Permission to fight in self-defense is granted by Allah

53 Years

12 Safar 2 AH 14 August 623 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Waddan

53 Years

29 Safar 2 AH 31 August 623



Ghazwa (Battle) of Safwan

54 Years

2 AH 623 AD


 

 

Ghazwa (Battle) Dul-'Ashir

54 Years

2 AH 623 AD



Hadrat Salman Farsi, may Allah be pleased with him, accepts Islam

54 Years

2 AH 624 AD



Revelation and change of Qibla (direction to face for Formal Prayers, Salat) towards Ka'ba Fasting in the month of Ramadan becomes obligatory

54 Years

Sha'abn 2 AH February 624 A



Ghazwa (Battle) of Badr

54 Years

12-17 Ramadan 2 AH March 8-13, 624 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Bani Salim

54 Years

25 Ramadan 2 AH 21 March 524 AD



Initiation of Eid-ul-Fitr and Zakat-ul-Fitr (Alms at the Eid-ul-Fitr).

54 Years

28 Ramadan / 1 Shawwal 2 AH 24/25 March 624 AD



Zakat becomes obligatory for Muslims

54 Years

Shawwal 2 AH April 624 AD



Nikah and Marriage ceremony of Hadrat Fatima, may Allah be pleased
with her

54 Years

Shawwal 2 AH April 624 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Bani Qainuqa'

54 Years

15 Shawwal 2 AH 10 April 624 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Sawiq

54 Years

5 Dhul-Haj 2 AH 29 May 624 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Ghatfan

54 Years

Muharram 3 AH July 624 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Bahran

55 Years

Rabi-us-Sani 3 AH October 624 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Hafsa, may Allah be pleased with her

55 Years

Shaban 3 AH January 625 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Uhad

55 Years

6 Shawwal 3 AH 22 March 625



Ghazwa (Battle) of Humra-ul-Asad

55 Years

8 Shawwal 3 AH 24 March 625 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Zainab Bint Khazima, may Allah be pleased with her

55 Years

Dhul-Haj 3 AH May 625 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Banu Nudair

56 Years

Rabi-ul-Awwal 4 AH August 625 AD



Prohibition of Drinking in Islam

56 Years

Rabi-ul-Awwal 4 AH August 625 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Dhatur-Riqa

56 Years

Jamadi-ul-Awwal 4 AH October 625 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Um-e-Salma, may Allah be pleased with her

56 Years

Shawwal 4 AH March 626 AD


 

 

Ghazwa (Battle) of Badru-Ukhra

56 Years

Dhi Qad 4 AH April 626



Ghazwa (Battle) of Dumatul-Jandal

57 Years

25 Rabi-ul-Awwal 5 AH



Ghazwa (Battle) of Banu Mustalaq Nikah with Hadrat Jawariya bint Harith, may Allah be pleased with her

57 Years

3 Shaban 5 AH 28 December 626 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Zainab bint Hajash, may Allah be pleased with her

57 Years

Shawwal 5 AH February 627 AD


 

 

Revelation for Hijab, rules of modesty

57 Years

1 Dhi Qa'd 5 AH 24 March 627 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Ahzab or Khandaq (Ditch)

57 Years

8 Dhi Qa'd 5 AH 31 March 627 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Bani Quraiza

57 Years

Dhul-Haj 5 AH April 627 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Bani Lahyan

57 Years

1 Rabi-ul-Awwal 6A H 21 July 627 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Dhi Qard or Ghaiba

58 Years

Rabi-ul-Akhar 6 AH August 627 AD



Treaty of Hudaibiyya

58 Years

1 Dhi Qa'd 6 AH 13 March 628 AD



Prohibition of Marriage with non-believers

58 Years

Dhi Qa'd 6 AH March 628 AD



Marriage with Hadrat Habiba, may Allah be pleased with her

58 Years

Dhul-Haj 6 AH April 628 AD



Invitation sent to various rulers to accept Islam

58 Years

1 Muharram 7AH May 628 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Khaibar Return of Muslims from Abyssinia. Marriage with Hadrat Safiyya, may Allah be pleased with her. Ghazwa (Battle) of Wadiyul-Qura and Taim.

58 Years

Muharram 7 AH June 628 AD



Performance of Umra (Umratul-Qada) Marriage with Hadrat Maimuna, may Allah be pleased with her

59 Years

Dhi Qa'd 7 AH March 629 AD



Hadrat Khalid bin Walid and Hadrat Umar bin Al-'Aas, may Allah be pleased with both, accept Islam

60 Years

Safar 8 AH June 629 AD



Ghazwa of Muta

60 Years

Jamadi-ul-Awwal 8 AH August 629 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Mecca and Fall of Mecca

60 Years

10 Ramadan 8 AH 1 January 630 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Hunain (or Autas or Hawazan) and Ghazwa (Battle) of br>Ta'if

60 Years

Shawwal 8 AH January 630 AD



Arrival in Ja'rana Deputation from Hawazan accepts Islam

60 Years

5 Dhi Qa'd 8 AH 24 February 630 AD



Regular establishment of Department of Zakat (Alms) and Sadaqa
(Charity), and appointment of administrative officers

60 Years

Muharram, 9 AH April 630 AD



Deputation from Ghadra accepts Islam

60 Years

Safar 9 AH May 630 AD



Deputation from Balli accepts Islam

61 Years

Rabi-ul-Awwal, 9 AH June 630 AD



Ummul-Muminin Hadrat Mariya, may Allah be pleased with her, gave birth
to a son, Hadrat Ibrahim, may Allah be pleased with him

61 Years

Jamadi-ul-Akhar, 9 AH August 630 AD



Ghazwa (Battle) of Tabuk, the last great battle lead by the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him

61 Years

Rajab, 9AH October 630 AD



Ordinance of Jizya, tax on non-believers seeking protection from Muslims and exemption from military service in defense of the country they were
living in as its citizens

61 Years

Rajab 9 AHOctober 630 AD



Pilgrimage journey of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique, may Allah be pleased with him

61 Years

Dhi Qa'd, 9 AHFebruary 631 AD



Hajj (pilgrimage of Ka'ba in Mecca) made Obligatory by Allah Interest is prohibited in Islam

61 Years

Deputation Tai, Hamadan, Bani Asad and Bani Abbas, all accept Islam



Deputation from Ghuttan accepts Islam

62 Years

Ramadan, 10AH 631 AD



Departure from Medina for Mecca for Hajjatul-Wida (Farewell Pilgrimage)

62 Years

25 Dhi Qa'd 10 AH 23 February 632 AD



Entry into Mecca for Hajjatul-Wida (Farewell Pilgrimage)

62 Years

4 Dhul-Haj 10 AH 1 March 632 AD



Hajjatul-Wida, departure for 'Arafat, Farewell Sermon Received the last revelation from Allah

62 Years

Friday 9 Dhul Hajj 10 AH 6 March 632 AD



Return from Mana, Hajjatul-Wida

62 Years

13 Dhul-Hajj 10 AH 10 March 632 AD



Arrival of deputations from Nakha' Last deputation received by the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him

62 Years

15 Muharram 11 AH 11 April 632 AD


 

 

Sarya Usama bin Zaid, may Allah be pleased with him, last successful military mission during the Holy Prophet's life

62 Years

28 Safar 11 AH 24 May 632 AD



The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, falls ill

62 Years

Monday 29 Safar 11 AH 25 May 632 AD



The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, lead the last Salat four days before his departure from this world

62 Years

Wednesday 8 Rabi-ul-Awwal 11 AH 3 June 632 AD



The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, offered his last Prayer in
congregation in the Mosque lead by Hadrat Abu Bakr, may Allah be
pleased with him

63 Years

Monday 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal 11 AH 7 June 632 AD



The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, passed away

63 Years

Inna lillahe wa inna elaihe rajioon

 


Janaza (funeral) Prayer and burial

63 Years

Wednesday 14 Rabi-ul-Awwal 11 AH 9 June 632 AD

Best regards,
 
Capt. Dost Mohammed Sawant
Marine Surveyor
 

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